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Osteoporosis


What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease of progressive bone loss associated with an increased risk of fractures. It literally means “porous bone”. The disease often develops unnoticed over many years, with no symptoms or discomfort, until a fracture occurs. Osteoporosis often causes a loss of height and dowager’s hump (a severely rounded upper back).

Why should I be concerned about it?

Low back pain can be caused by a number of factors from injuries to the effects of aging. Since osteroporosis makes the bones weak, even simple household tasks can produce a fracture of the spine. The most serious and debilitating osteopo rotic fracture is the hip fracture. Most hip fracture patients who previously lived independently will require help from their family or home care. All hip fracture patients will require walking aids for several months, and nearly half will permanently needs cane or walkers to move around their house or outdoors. Hip fractures treatments are expensive.


What causes Osteoporosis?

Doctors don’t know the exact medical causes of osteoporosis, but they do know many of the major factors that can lead to the disease.

Aging: Everyone loses bone with age. After age 35, the body builds less new bone to replace losses of old bone. In general, the older you are, the lower your total bone mass and the greater your risk for osteoporosis.

Heredity: A family history of fractures; a small, slender body build; fair skin; and a Caucasian or Asian background can increase the risk for osteoporosis. Heredity also may help explain why some people develop osteoporosis early in life.

Nutrition and lifestyle: Poor nutrition, including a low calcium diet, low body weight and a sedentary lifestyle have been linked to osteoporosis, as have smoking and excessive alcohol use. Medications and other illnesses:- Osteoporosis has been linked to some medication, including steroids, and to other illnesses, including some thyroid problems.
Diagnosing & Treating Osteoporosis : It is now possible with the help special bone densitometers .Once diagnosed , then now it is possible to treat osteoporosis by a wide variety of medicines like calcium & vitamin D supplements, bi-phosphorates, hormones (like oestrogens), serms , calcitonin, etc Apart from medicines ,changes in like-style & avoidance of risk factors are very useful.
 

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