What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease of progressive bone loss associated
with an increased risk of fractures. It literally means
“porous bone”. The disease often develops unnoticed over
many years, with no symptoms or discomfort, until a fracture
occurs. Osteoporosis often causes a loss of height and
dowager’s hump (a severely rounded upper back).
Why should I be concerned about
Low back pain can be caused by a number of factors from
injuries to the effects of aging. Since osteroporosis
makes the bones weak, even simple household tasks can
produce a fracture of the spine. The most serious and
debilitating osteopo rotic fracture is the hip fracture.
Most hip fracture patients who previously lived independently
will require help from their family or home care. All
hip fracture patients will require walking aids for several
months, and nearly half will permanently needs cane or
walkers to move around their house or outdoors. Hip fractures
treatments are expensive.
What causes Osteoporosis?
Doctors don’t know the exact medical causes of osteoporosis,
but they do know many of the major factors that can lead
to the disease.
Aging: Everyone loses bone with age. After age
35, the body builds less new bone to replace losses of
old bone. In general, the older you are, the lower your
total bone mass and the greater your risk for osteoporosis.
Heredity: A family history of fractures; a small,
slender body build; fair skin; and a Caucasian or Asian
background can increase the risk for osteoporosis. Heredity
also may help explain why some people develop osteoporosis
early in life.
Nutrition and lifestyle: Poor nutrition, including
a low calcium diet, low body weight and a sedentary lifestyle
have been linked to osteoporosis, as have smoking and
excessive alcohol use. Medications and other illnesses:-
Osteoporosis has been linked to some medication, including
steroids, and to other illnesses, including some thyroid
Diagnosing & Treating Osteoporosis :
It is now possible with the help special bone densitometers
.Once diagnosed , then now it is possible to treat osteoporosis
by a wide variety of medicines like calcium & vitamin D supplements,
bi-phosphorates, hormones (like oestrogens), serms , calcitonin, etc
Apart from medicines ,changes in like-style & avoidance of risk factors
are very useful.