Arihritis means inflammation of a joint.
There are over 100 types of arthritis. The three
most common kinds of arthritis are:
Is the most common type
of arthritis usually middle-aged and older people.
This is a noninflammatory degenerative joint
disease characterized by the breakdown of the
jointís cartilage. The exact cause of osteoarthritis
Fibromyalgia: Is the second most
common type of arthritis, mostly women; 70 to
90 percent of people who develop this disease
are women aged 20 to 50.
It is a disease involving
pain in muscles or joints with no clinical signs
of infection. It is often misdiagnosed as chronic
fatigue syndrome, and usually does not require
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Is a chronic,
systemic disease with inflammatory changes occurring
throughout the bodyís connective tissues. It
is characterized by the inflammation of the
membrane lining the joint, which leads to pain,
stiffness, and swelling and can result in loss
of movement, loss of shape and alignment and
sometimes compete destruction of the joint.
It affects three times more women than
Other serious and fairly common forms of
arthritis include gout, systemic lupus erythematosus
scleroderma, ankylosing spondylitis and juvenile
Signs of Arthritis:
Pain from arthritis can be continuous or intermittent.
Pain may occur after activity or exercise but
it may also happen even if youíve been resting
and still for a period of time. Pain may be concentrated
in one spot or you may feel it all over your body.
Joints may feel stiff and difficult to move. Daily
chores such as climbing stairs and opening cans
become a challenge. You may notice that pain is
more severe during certain times of the day or
after performing certain tasks. Some kinds of
arthritis cause swelling or inflammation. The
skin over the joint may appear swollen and red,
and feel hot when touched. Arthritis may also
Early diagnosis and treatment tailored to an individualís
needs are crucial in slowing or preventing damage
to joints. Only a physician can determine if you
have arthritis and what type it is, after chemical examination &
some laboratory test,X-rays etc .
Because there are so many types of arthritis, each type
of arthritis has different symptoms and treatments. The
good news is that many things work to help control arthritis.
Care for arthritis often involves more than one type of
treatment. Treatment may vary over time and may be different
depending on the kind of arthritis. It is important that
you begin treatment early and discuss treatment options
with your doctor on a regular basis. Although finding
the right treatment may take time, it will enable you
to lead an active lifestyle. Treatments for arthritis
can be divided into several categories including:
Medication: Many drugs, both prescriptions and
over the counter medications, are used to treat arthritis.
Common medications are aspirin,pain relievers ,anti-inflammatory,
cortocosteroids, disease modifiers, and sleep medications.
Exercise: Regular exercise is important to keep
the body moving and flexible. It helps to lessen pain,
increase movement, reduce fatigue, and helps you look
and feel better.
Heat or Cold: Use of heat or cold over joints provides
short-term relief from pain and stiffness.
Pacing activities: Pacing helps protect your joints
by alternating periods of activity with periods of rest
so that your joints donít tire from the stress of repeated
Joint Protection: Joints can be protected by learning
to use them in ways that avoid excess stress. One way
of doing this is to avoid using sore and weak joints.
Unless larger joints are sore, for example, it is best
to use them when carrying heavy items. The second method
is walking with assertive devices. Lastly, weight control
helps ease pain by reducing stress on your joints.
Self Help skills: You can learn ways to better
manage how arthritis affects you emotionally by talking
about your feelings with family members and friends, doing
mental exercises, and by joining your local arthritis
Surgery: Most people will not need surgery,
but in severe cases surgery is effective in eliminating
pain when other treatment methods have failed & it can give
a new lease to life to that joint & the affected person in general .